Many states in the U.S. have been reporting a higher amount of cases of newborns with addiction. This is a startling fact. The National Institute of Health (NIH) is now making sure to fund studies to help.
They want to analyze treatment for newborns with opioid addictions. That way they can help make better treatments.
Newborn addiction has sadly become more common as mothers use drugs when pregnant. If a mother uses an addictive drug while pregnant it can affect the fetus. It can affect the development of the fetus’s brain and physical traits. It can lead to congenital disabilities or death.
It can obviously lead to drug addiction in a newborn. This happens because the baby receives its nutrients from what the mother intakes. When a mother does drugs the drugs also circulate in the babies system.
This means if the mother suffers from addiction then the newborn may as well. This is a terrible thing because it can cause so many complications. It is also just unpleasant for the newborn and dangerous.
Treatments That Aren’t Well Researched
The NIH believes the U.S. doesn’t have well-researched treatments. Not for addiction in newborns. That is why it is funding more research to help find new ways of treatment.
In fourteen years the number of newborns that have had addiction issues went up. It went from 1.5 in 1,000 births to 6 in 1,000 births.
Babies born from mothers with drug addicts often have birth defects. There can be heart defects, spina bifida, and other issues depending on the drug.
The National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare says that about 10 to 11 percent of all pregnancies have a mother who has a substance use disorder. That is 440,000 babies who could be affected.
Having an opioid addiction can make for a risky pregnancy. There are more chances of babies being of low weight. There is also more chance for preterm labor or premature meconium. Fetal death is also a possibility.
Symptoms Of Addiction In Newborns
The symptoms of drug addiction in newborns can include excessive crying, irritability, stuffy nose, sweating, vomiting, sleep problems, shaking, fever, and seizures.
These types of problems can be hard for a newborn to deal with. They can also be fatal.
The number of mothers using or dependent on opiates went up almost 15% percent from 2000 to 2009.